Glossary

Sometimes people use words that we don't understand. Find out what they mean here.

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Glossary of terms used on the site
Click one of the letters above to advance the page to terms beginning with that letter.

A

ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Advocate

Someone who can help ensure that a person is listened to, and that their rights, concerns and needs are acted upon.

AEP

Alternative Education Provision
AEP is off site provision, which is arranged by a young person's school to prevent exclusion and re-engage students in their education.

Annual review

The review of a statement of special educational needs or EHC plan which a local authority must make within 12 months of issuing the statement or EHC plan and within 12 months, and not less than 6 months, of the previous review.

ASD

Autistic Spectrum Disorder

Asphyxia

A lack of oxygen or trauma, during or shortly after birth

Assessment

This involves building a picture of your child’s abilities, difficulties, behaviour, his/her special educational needs (if applicable) and the support required to meet those needs. A statutory assessment is a formal procedure which involves the collection of information from as many people as possible who have detailed knowledge about your child.

Audiologist

Health professional who specialises in identifying and treating hearing and balance disorders

Audiometrician

Health professional who specialises in measuring hearing ability

Audit of a Personal Budget

Review of the support and resources in place to ensure they are meeting the agreed outcomes in the Education Health & Care Plan.

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B

BESD

Behavioural Emotional and Social Difficulties

Blue badge

The Blue Badge scheme helps you park closer to your destination if you’re disabled. Apply to your local Council.

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C

CIL

Centre for Independent Living

CSE

Child Sexual Exploitation

CYP

Children and Young People

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E

EAL

English as an additional language

Early years setting

Providers who receive government funding to deliver early education including maintained mainstream and special schools, maintained nursery schools, independent schools, non-maintained special schools, local authority daycare providers such as day nurseries and family centres, other registered daycare providers such as pre-schools, playgroups and private day nurseries, local authority Portage schemes and accredited childminders working as part of an approved National Childminding Association network.

Educational psychologist (EP)

A person, with a degree in psychology, training and experience in teaching and a further degree in educational psychology. An educational psychologist, employed by the local authority, will give advice and support to teachers and parents on how a child’s needs can be met.

EHC

Education, Health and Care

EHCP

Education, Health and Care Plans

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G

Gastrostomy

An artificial opening in the stomach to aid feeding and nutritional support

GDD

Global Development Delay

Graduated approach

A model of action and intervention in schools and early education settings to help children who have special educational needs. The approach recognises that there is a continuum of special educational needs and that, where necessary, increasing specialist expertise should be brought to bear on the difficulties that a child may be experiencing.

Gross Motor Skills

Use of the large muscles in the body that aid sitting, standing, walking, etc.

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H

Habilitation

Habilitation describes the acquisition of new skills and development of independence (Miller et al., 2011) and is distinct from re-habilitation which describes the regaining of skills and independence following illness or injury (United Nations, 2008). It is defined in the Vision
2020 strategy as follows: “the acquisition of mobility, orientation and other independent living skills in relation to children and young people born with vision impairment or who acquire it during childhood.” (Vision 2020 UK, 2013)

HV

Health Visitor

Hypertonia

A medical term to describe increased muscle tone.

Hypotonia

Medical term to describe decreased muscle tone.

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I

Inclusion

Educating children with special educational needs, together with children who do not have special educational needs, in mainstream schools, wherever possible. Ensuring that children with special educational needs engage in the activities of the school together with the other children.

Independent living

Support for adults to live in the community rather than in a residential home.

Individual Education Plan (IEP)

Short term targets for achievements set, reviewed and evaluated by the school with parents/child with copies made available to parents.

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K

Key Stages

The different stages of education that a child passes through:

  • Early Years Foundation Stage – age 0-5 (Early years setting, Nursery and Reception);
  • Key Stage one – age 5-7 (Years 1 and 2);
  • Key Stage two – age 7-11(Years 3, 4, 5 and 6);
  • Key Stage three – age 11-14 (Years 7, 8 and 9);
  • Key Stage four – age 14-16 (Years 10 and 11);
  • Key Stage five – age 16+ (Sixth form or college)
KLO

Knowsley Local Offer

KMBC

Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council

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L

LA's

Local Authorities

LDA

Learning Difficulty Assessment

LDA's

Learning Difficulty Assessments

Learning difficulties

A child has learning difficulties if he or she finds it much harder to learn than most children of the same age, or has a disability which prevents them from making use of educational facilities provided for children of the same age.

Level 1

Level 1: Universal

Children having their needs met through accessing universal services such as schools, health visiting, GP and so on.

Level 2

Level 2: Universal Plus

Targeted response by single agency to support the additional needs.  Targeted services for children and families beginning to experience – or at risk of – difficulties, for example school counselling, parenting programmes, support for teenage parents and so on.

Level 3

Level 3: Universal Partnership Plus - Multiple/Complex

Multi-Agency planning and support (Team Around the Family) with a Lead Professional.  Specialist services for children and families with multiple needs such as intensive family support, specialist child and adolescent mental health services, and services for children with disabilities.

Level 4

Level 4: Specialist Intervention - Need for protection

Specialist intervention/Social Worker Led.  Specialist services for children and families with severe and complex needs, including child protection services, inpatient child and adolescent mental health services.

LO

Local Offer

LWH

Liverpool Women's Hospital

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M

Makaton

A system of communication that involves the combined use of manual signs and speech.

Motability

Scheme to rent a vehicle using DLA or PIP payments to cover the costs.  You must be in receipt of Higher Rate mobility component of DLA or PIP.

MUGA

Multi Use Games Area

Multi-disciplinary

Meeting of a group of professionals who assess, support and treat an individual

Muscle Tone

Refers to the amount of tension or resistance in a muscle which enables movement

Music therapy

Form of therapy often used to help communicate and build relationships with people who are non-verbal or have problems with verbal communication, through the use of playing, singing and listening to music.

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N

National curriculum

This sets out a clear, full and statutory entitlement to learning for all pupils, setting out what should be taught and setting attainment targets for learning. It also determines how performance will be assessed and reported. The national curriculum is taught in a way that meets the needs of individual pupils, eg setting goals that are achievable.

Need for protection

Specialist intervention/Social Worker Led. 

Specialist services for children and families with severe and complex needs, including child protection services, inpatient child and adolescent mental health services.

NEET

A person who is not in employment, education or training.

NG tube

Nasogastric tube inserted into the stomach via the nose to aid feeding.

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O

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Mental health condition characterised by obsessive thoughts that causes heightened anxiety and compulsive behaviour the person the person thinks is necessary to relieve their obsession.

Occupational therapist

A person who advises about aids and adaptations that may help your child.

Ophthalmologist

Medically trained doctor with specialist skills in the diagnoses and treatment of diseases of the eye.

Orthoptist

Healthcare professional who investigates, diagnoses and treats sight related problems and abnormalities of eye movement and eye position.

Orthotist

Healthcare professional who assesses individuals for and designs specialist braces, splints and footwear.

OT

Occupational Therapists

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P

Paediatrician

Doctor specialising in the needs of babies and children.

Paraplegia

Impairments in sensory or motor function of the lower half of the body.

Person Centred Approach

A way of working with a person to find out what is important and meaningful to them.

Personal budget

Your personal budget is the money you get from Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, to pay for the help you need.

Personalisation

The provision of tailored care and support to individuals based on their needs and choices they make about how they live their lives.

Physiotherapist

Employed by the local health service to help people who have physical disabilities. They can help your child with exercises and provide specialist equipment.

Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)

Picture based communication system commonly used be pre-verbal or non-verbal children and young people.

PIP

This is a new benefit replacing DLA for those over 16.  Personal Independence Payment helps with some of the extra costs caused by long-term ill-health or a disability.

Play therapy

The use of play to help children act out and understand difficult life experiences and anxiety in order to reduce anxiety, improve self esteem and better manage their emotions.

PMLD

Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties

Portage

Home based pre-school education for children with developmental delay, disabilities or any other special educational needs. Portage home visitors work in partnership with parents, helping parents to help their child through learning activities within the home.

Profound and Multiple Learning Disability

Refers to people with more than one disability including severe learning disabilities.

Psychiatrist

Medically qualified doctor who specialises in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental health conditions.

PT

Physiotherapists

PVI

Private, Voluntary & Independent

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S

SEN

Special Educational Needs

SEN&D

Special Educational Needs and Disabilities

SENCO

Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator

SEND

Special Educational Needs and Disability

SENDIASS

Special Educational Needs and Disability Information, Advice and Support Service (formerly Parent Partnership)

SENIS

Special Educational Needs & Inclusion Services

SLD

Specific Learning Difficulties

SLT

Speech and Language Therapist

Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCo)

Member of staff of a early education setting or school who has responsibility for co-ordinating SEN provision within that early education setting or school. In a small school the headteacher or deputy may take on this role. In larger schools there may be a SEN co-ordinating team.

Specialist Intervention

Level 4: Specialist Intervention - Need for protection

Specialist intervention/Social Worker Led.  Specialist services for children and families with severe and complex needs, including child protection services, inpatient child and adolescent mental health services.

Speech and language therapist (SaLT)

A person who helps children who have language difficulties or speech problems.

Supported living

Supported living is a type of residential support that helps vulnerable adults, including people with learning disabilities, to live with support in the community.

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T

TAF

The Team Around the Family (TAF) is a model of service provision where a range of different practitioners come together to help and support a child or young person. Essentially it is a ‘virtual’ team of involved professionals brought together – with the family’s consent – to devise a plan of action to support the child and their family. The plan of action is based on needs identified using the Early Help Assessment Form.

Transition plan

A plan drawn up at the annual review of the statement held when a child reaches Year 9 (13 or 14 years old).  It sets out the steps and support needed for him or her to move from school to adult life.

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U

Universal

Universal: Level 1

Children having their needs met through accessing universal services such as schools, health visiting, GP and so on.

Universal Credit

Universal Credit is gradually replacing certain benefits throughout the UK

Universal Partnership Plus

Level 3: Universal Partnership Plus - Multiple/Complex

Multi-Agency planning and support (Team Around the Family) with a Lead Professional.  Specialist services for children and families with multiple needs such as intensive family support, specialist child and adolescent mental health services, and services for children with disabilities.

Universal Plus

Universal Plus: Level 2

Targeted response by single agency to support the additional needs.  Targeted services for children and families beginning to experience – or at risk of – difficulties, for example school counselling, parenting programmes, support for teenage parents and so on.

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V

VI

Visually Impaired

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Y

YP

Young Person

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